Growing Plants Indoors - A Beginner's Guide
Light is the most important part of your indoor garden and such a vital factor for plant growth. Their growth rate and the amount of time they remain active all depends on the light they receive. You need to know how much light to your specific plants require. Three points that need to be considered when dealing with light includes: intensity, hue, and duration. Learning about these principles will give you the best chances of indoor garden success.
Obviously, you will need to choose the proper bulbs to help light your indoor plants. Artificial plant lighting has been used for a long time to grow plants and in just about every setting. There are many varieties to choose with systems that run fluorescent light bulbs including compact fluorescent lighting (CFL) and high efficiency LED Grow Light
to high intensity discharge (HID) systems that include metal halide (MH) and high pressure sodium (HPS) light systems. The average fluorescent tube can last up to 10,000 hours, whereas a standard incandescent bulb only lasts 1,000 hours. Metal halide and high pressure sodium grow lights are the most powerful, but they do take the most energy and give off the most heat. Always consider how you will ventilate the heat out of your grow room or area.
Water and nutrients are also a vital part of every plants life. You need to when and how much water to give each variety. Some do well in drier conditions and others need lots of water. Soil consistency can vary so getting the correct mix is important to successful gardening. One way to tell when a plant needs water is to stick your finger into the soil about two or three inches. If it's dry, you need to thoroughly water that plant until the water is running out of the bottom of the pot. This way, you will be sure that the roots are being wet completely. Do not water every day, wait until more than just the top one-third of the pot dries, or else you'll end up over-watering the plant. If your finger doesn't dig down easy two inches into the soil during the test, then you probably need a better soil mix.
Temperature and humidity are very important to a prize winning harvest. Get a digital thermostat that shows the day's high and low so you will know if you need to cool the room down. With a little bit of garden knowledge, growing plants indoors is pretty easy just as your not growing in a room that is colder than usual like an unheated basement. In this case, you may need to add a small heater to keep a more constant temperature. You may also need a humidifier or ventilating system inside your home in order to provide the plants with an appropriate level of moisture and ventilation. Some avid growers even do a bit further an get a CO2 tank to give help flowering plants produce bigger buds and flowers.